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Pre-reading Exercise.

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The last day of schoolJune 8th, 2013
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GROUP A: You are a women that works both in and outside of the home. You give all of your earnings to your husband and pay taxes to the government. You are NOT allowed to vote because you are a women. You will research and write on opinions IN SUPPORT of women  having the right to vote.

GROUP B: What is wrong with your fellow women folks? They know a woman’s place is in the home. To place the right to vote over her duties as a wife is irresponsible. You will research and write on opinions AGAINST women having the right to vote.

GROUP C: You and your wife work in harmony. She has influence in the family setting and should have a say-so in what happens to our government. You will research and write on opinions IN SUPPORT of women having the right to vote.

GROUP D: The right to vote has reared it’s ugly head again! A woman is a decorative accessory for a man and needs to remember her place in society. You will research and write on opinions AGAINST women having the right to vote.


If your group favors women voting, revisit the following websites:

  1. NARA The National Archives Experience
  2. An American Time Capsule Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
  3. 1893 Women Suffrage
  4. African American Suffrage
  5. Argument -Pro
  6. Catt –Speech
  7. Picture of voters
  8. Protest Program
  9. Protest Speech

10. The Woman’s Bible (Reason) American Treasures of the Library of Congress

11. Women’s Suffrage The Early Leaders Manuscript Division

If your group is against women voting, revisit the following websites


  1. yobani marin says:

    1. Because it is fair and right that those who must obey the laws should have a voice in making them, and that those who must pay taxes should have a vote as to the size of the tax and the way it shall be spent.

    2. Because the moral, educational, and humane legislation desired by women would be got more easily if women had votes. New York women have worked in vain for years to secure a legislative appropriation to found a state industrial School for Girls. Colorado women worked in vain for one till they got the ballot; then the Legislature promptly granted it.

    3. Because laws unjust to women would be amended more quickly. It cost Massachusetts women 55 years of effort to secure the law making mothers equal guardians of their children with the fathers. In Colorado, after women were enfranchised, the very next Legislature granted it. After more than half a century of agitation by women for this reform only 13 out of 46 States now give equal guardianship to mothers.

    4. Because disfranchisement helps to keep wages down. Hon. Carroll D. Wright, National Commissioner of Labor said in an address delivered at Smith College on February 22, 1902 “The lack of direct political influence constitutes a powerful reason why women’s wages have been kept at a minimum.”

    5. Because equal suffrage would increase the proportion of educated voters. The high schools of every state in the Union are graduating more girls than boys-often twice or three times as many. (Report of Commissioner of Education.)

    6. Because it would increase the proportion of native-born voters. In three years from June 30, 1900, to June 30, 1903, there landed in the United States 1,344,622 foreign men, and only 576,746 foreign women. (Report of Commissioner General of Immigration.)

    7. Because it would increase the moral and law-abiding vote very much, while increasing the vicious and criminal vote very little. The U. S. Census of 1890 gives the statistics of men and women in the state prisons of the different States. Omitting fractions, they are as follows: In the District of Columbia, women constitute 17 per cent. of the prisoners; in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 14 per cent.; in New York, 13; in Louisiana, 12; in Virginia, 11; in New Jersey, 10; in Pennsylvania and Maryland, 9; in Connecticut, 8; in Alabama, New Hampshire, Ohio and South Carolina, 7; in Florida, Maine, Mississippi, New Mexico and Tennessee, 6; in Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina and West Virginia, 5; in Arkansas and Delaware, 4; in California, Minnesota, North Dakota, Texas and Vermont, 3; in Colorado, Iowa, Montana, Nebraska and Utah, 2; in Arizona, Kansas, Nevada and South Dakota, 1; in Washington, four-fifths of 1 per cent.; in Oregon and Wisconsin, two-fifths of 1 percent; in Wyoming and Idaho, none.

    8. Because it leads to fair treatment of women in the public service. In Massachusetts the average pay of a female teacher is about one-third that of a male teacher, and in almost all the States it is unequal. In Wyoming and Utah, the law provides that they shall receive equal pay for usual work. (Revised Statutes of Wyoming, Section 014; Revised Statutes of Utah, Section 1853.)

    9. Because legislation for the protection of children would be secured more easily Judge Lindsey, of the Denver Juvenile Court, writes in Progress for July, 1904: “We have in Colorado the most advanced laws of any state in the Union for the care and protection of the home and the children. These laws in my opinion, would not exist at this time if it were not for the powerful influence of woman suffrage.”

    10. Because it is the quietest, easiest, most dignified and least conspicuous way of influencing public affairs. I takes much less expenditure of time, labor and personal presence to go up to the ballot box, drop in a slip of paper, and then come away, than to persuade a multitude of miscellaneous voters to vote right.

    11. Because it would make women more broadminded. Professor Edward H,. Griggs says: “The ballot is an educator, and women will become more practical and more wise in using it.”

    12. Because woman’s ballot will make it hard for the notoriously bad candidates to be nominated or elected. In the equal suffrage states, both parties have to put men of respectable character or lose the women’s vote.

    13. Because it would increase women’s influence Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford, president of the Colorado State Federation of Women’s clubs, said at the National Suffrage Convention in Washington in February: “Instead of woman’s influence being lessened by the ballot, it is greatly increased. Last year there were so many members of the legislature with bills which they wanted the club women to indorse that the Social Science department of the State Federation had to sit one day each week to confer with these legislators who were seeking our endorsement. Club women outside the suffrage states do not have this experience.

    14. Because it would help those women who need help the most. Theodore Roosevelt recommended woman suffrage in his message to the New York Legislature. On being asked why, he reported to have answered that many women have a very hard time, working women especially, and if the ballot would help them, even a little, he was a willing to see it tried. Mrs. Maud Nathan, President of the National Consumers League, said in an address at the National Suffrage Convention in Washington, in February, 1904: “My experience in investigating the condition of women wage-earners warrants the assertion that some of the evils from which they suffer would not exist if women had the ballot * * *. In the States where women vote, there is far better enforcement of the laws which protect working girls.”

    15. Because it is a maxim in war. “Always do the thing to which your adversary particularly objects.” Every vicious interest in the country would rather continue to contend with woman’s indirect influence than try to cope with woman’s vote.

    16. Because experience has proved it to be good. Women have for years been voting literally by hundreds of thousands, in England, Scotland, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Utah, and Idaho, in all these places put together, the opponents have not yet found a dozen respectable men who assert over their own names and addresses that the results have been bad, while scores of prominent men and women testify that it has done good. An ounce of fret is worth a ton of theory

  2. yobani marin says:

    i just needed a place to put this so i don’t

    have to write it

  3. yobani marin says:

    Because women already have the municipal vote, and are eligible for membership of most local authorities. These bodies deal with questions of housing, education, care of children, workhouses and so forth, all of which are peculiarly within a woman’s sphere. Parliament, however, has to deal mainly with the administration of a vast Empire, the maintenance of the Army and Navy, and with questions of peace and war, which lie outside the legitimate sphere of woman’s influence.

    Because all government rests ultimately on force, to which women, owing to physical, moral and social reasons, are not capable of con­tributing.

    Because women are not capable of full citizenship, for the simple reason that they are not available for purposes of national and Imperial defence. All government rests ultimately on force, to which women, owing to physical, moral and social reasons, are not capable of contributing.

    Because there is little doubt that the vast majority of women have no desire for the vote.

    Because the acquirement of the Parliamentary vote would logically involve admission to Parliament itself, and to all Government offices. It is scarcely possible to imagine a woman being Minister for War, and yet the principles of the Suffragettes involve that and many similar absurdities.

    Because the United Kingdom is not an isolated state, but the administrative and governing centre of a system of colonies and also of dependencies. The effect of introducing a large female ele­ment into the Imperial electorate would undoubtedly be to weaken the centre of power in the eyes of these dependent millions.

    Because past legislation in Parliament shows that the interests of women are perfectly safe in the hands of men.

    Because Woman Suffrage is based on the idea of the equality of the sexes, and tends to establish those competitive relations which will destroy chivalrous consideration.

    Because women have at present a vast indirect influence through their menfolk on the politics of this country.

    Because the physical nature of women unfits them for direct com­petition with men.

    Grace Saxon Mills, writing in the years before 1914

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