The 14th Amendment: The Citizenship Act
|The 14th Amendment|
|The Fourteenth amendment (1868) to the Constitution of the United States granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War. These newly freed persons were to be included under the umbrella phrase “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.”This so-called Reconstruction Amendment prohibited the states from depriving any person of “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” and from denying anyone within a state’s jurisdiction equal protection under the law.The amendment also prohibited former civil and military office holders who had supported the Confederacy from again holding any state or federal office. Moreover, the amendment upheld the national debt while exempting the federal government and state governments from any responsibility for the debts incurred by the rebellious Confederate States of America. Finally, the last section, mirroring the approach of the Thirteenth Amendment, provided for enforcement of the new law by federal troops.|
|– Developing a Deeper Understanding –1. In what year was the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution ratified?
2. According to the article, what was the main Purpose of the Fourteenth Amendment?
3. What was the nickname for the Fourteenth Amendment?
4. Complete the following statement: The Fourteenth Amendment “prohibited the
states from depriving any person of ______________”
5. In addition to granting citizenship, what other actions did the Fourteenth Amendment grant?
6. Critical Thinking: Explain your support or opposition to the statement that “all persons born in the United States are entitled to citizenship”?