Home » Unit IV: Reconstruction » Reconstruction: Lincoln’s Plan » Reconstruction: Lincoln’s Plan CW

Reconstruction: Lincoln’s Plan CW

SWBAT create a Reconstruction plan and compare it to Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction.

READ: The Civil War began with the Battle of Fort Sumter in 1861. Eleven states broke away from the Union and formed their own country, the Confederate States of America. The civil War continued much longer than anyone expected. It did not end until General Lee surrendered to General Grant on April 9, 1865. Even before the Civil War ended, however, people talked about what would happen when the country was again at peace.

Directions: Your group has been elected by President Lincoln to help him to create a plan for reconstruction.

Your new policies must answer the following questions:

  1. How would the Confederate States be reunited with the United States?
  2. What penalties should be imposed on the people of the states that had seceded?
  3. What should be done with the former slaves in the South and the Slaves in the Border States?

Use the Graphic organizer below to answer these questions

 

Questions: Your Group’s Decision Lincoln’s Decision Difference
How would the Confederate States be reunited with the United States? My Group was to:

  1. Harsh
  2. Lenient
What penalties should be imposed on the people of the states that had seceded? My Group was to:

1.       Harsh

2.       Lenient

What should be done with the former slaves in the South and the Slaves in the Border States? My Group was to:

1.      Harsh

2.     Lenient

Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction:

10 Percent Plan: How would the Confederate States be reunited with the United States?

 President Lincoln formed a simple plan for reuniting the nation before the end of fighting in hopes of convincing southern states to surrender. Known as the “Ten Percent Plan,” it required that ten percent of the voters in a state which had joined the confederacy must take an oath of loyalty to the United States. Then the state could reform its state government and send representatives to Congress, and the state would be readmitted to the Union. The political purpose of Lincoln’s plan was to restore the southern states into full political union with the other states. His plan also required significant social change in the southern states by requiring that newly formed state governments recognize the end of slavery.

Northerners who supported Lincoln’s plan were called moderates. They, like Lincoln, believed that the Southern states should not be harshly punished for seceding from the Union and should be readmitted as quickly as possible. Lincoln looked forward to “a just and lasting peace.” His goal was to help both sides recover and rebuild. At his first public appearance after the war, Lincoln asked the band to play “Dixie,” a favorite Southern song. “I have always thought ‘Dixie’ one of the best tunes I have ever heard,” he said.

Unfortunately, Lincoln was assassinated before he could implement his plan.

  1. If a state had one million voting citizens, how many would have to take the oath of loyalty for a state to be readmitted?
  1. Do you think Lincoln’s plan was a good one? Why or why not?

done

13th Amendment: What should be done with the former slaves in the South and the Slaves in the Border States?

The U.S. House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery in the United States. It read, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude …shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”When the Civil War began in 1861, President Lincoln’s professed goal was the restoration of the Union. But early in the war, the Union began keeping escaped slaves rather than returning them to their owners, so slavery essentially ended wherever the Union army was victorious. In September 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in areas that were still in rebellion against the Union. This measure opened the issue of what to do about slavery in border states that had not seceded or in areas that had been captured by the Union before the proclamation .In 1864, an amendment abolishing slavery passed the Senate but died in the House of Representatives as Democrats, typically from confederate southern state, rallied in the name of states’ rights. Lincoln won a second Presidential term in the election of 1864, which also brought Republican majorities in both houses, so it appeared the amendment was headed back to Congress for passage when the new Republican lead Congress convened in March 1865.Lincoln preferred that the amendment receive bipartisan support–some Democrats indicated support for the measure, but many still resisted. The amendment passed 119 to 56, seven votes above the necessary two-thirds majority. Several Democrats abstained from voting, but the 13th Amendment was sent to the states for ratification, which came in December 1865. With the passage of the amendment, the institution that had indelibly shaped American history and had started the Civil War was finally eradicated.

Developing a Deeper Understanding

1. In what year was the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution ratified?

2. According to the article, what was the “single greatest change created by the Civil War”?

3. Outline President Lincoln’s goal for the
United States?

4. Describe the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation:

5. What enabled the Thirteenth Amendment to be ratified?

 

13th Amendment: What should be done with the former slaves in the South and the Slaves in the Border States?


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: